Manual Handling – risk prevention

It’s not about how much you can lift; it’s how you plan the lift. Thomas Rhodes, from SMAS Worksafe, highlights some of the key considerations when manual handling.

Scaffolding is complex and important work across a multitude of industries, with the variety and types of scaffold ranging extensively. Time is a precious commodity when it comes to installing and dismantling structures. Clients may set time restrictions around the work or alter their requirements at the last minute.

As we get deeper into the winter months the inclement weather conditions and lessening natural light, all begin to increase the burden on operatives to get the job done and, potentially leaving them feeling pressured to lift more equipment and overload themselves physically to meet the demands of the job.

When undertaking a risk assessment for manual handling operations, it is helpful to use the TILE acronym, as detailed in the Manual Handling Operations Regulation 1992:

TASK

Does the task involve:

  • Carrying loads away from the body?
  • Twisting, stooping or reaching upwards?
  • Excessive movement of the load?
  • Frequent or prolonged physical effort?
  • Insufficient rest and recovery periods?

INDIVIDUAL

Does the task:

  • Require unusual strength or height?
  • Create a hazard to those with a health problem?
  • Require special information or training?

LOAD

Is the load:

  • Heavy?
  • Bulky or cumbersome?
  • Difficult to grasp?
  • Unstable, with contents likely to shift?

ENVIRONMENT

Is there:

  • Space constraints?
  • Uneven, slippery or unstable floor surfaces?
  • Extremes in temperature or inclement weather?
  • Poor lighting conditions?

You can reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries when manual handling by introducing a number of control methods: 

ELIMINATION Scaffold workers should try and avoid lifting manually where possible through the use of mechanical means, like using forklifts, telescopic handlers or hoists to move equipment within the work area.

HANDLING AIDS Using a trolley or gin wheel when moving equipment won’t eliminate the manual handling activity however the mechanical advantage will provide additional assistance. 

MODIFICATION Modifying the task, load or environment can greatly reduce the risk of injury. Examples include:

  • The task of repetitive movements or awkward postures can be relieved with frequent breaks
  • Loads can be broken down into smaller parts
  • The risks associated with loads over 20kgs should be mitigated through the use of suitable lifting equipment
  • Maintaining good housekeeping will keep the working environment clear and free from trip hazards
  • Planning suitable vehicle routes, close to the work area will reduce carrying distances

TRAINING After establishing that an individual is capable of undertaking the manual handling activity providing training on basic lifting practices, and ensuring they have the appropriate PPE are important factors in risk reduction. Lifting techniques for different materials such as boards, ladders and tubes all have their own challenges; even light loads picked up incorrectly can cause injury. Guidance documents like SG6: 15 provide workers with the fundamentals when manual handling.

The HSE MAC tool provides three types of manual handling operations to be assessed for single lift, single carry and team handling. You can then develop a risk assessment that will evaluate, for example, how many tubes or boards are sufficient to carry, or the maximum load for a gin wheel (50kgs).